It is objectively absurd to be struck in the head by an acorn and believe that the sky is falling, as occurred in the classic folktale. Yet, considering what would happen to CRE lending after two banks fail quickly after one another, particularly in light of the experience of the global financial crisis, isn’t inherently absurd. Nonetheless, it might not be logical.
Although both banking and CRE face challenges from a rapidly rising rate environment, Moody’s Analytics recently stated that when looking at the real cross-exposures of the sectors and structural differences between now and 15 years ago during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), the conclusions are less sensationalistic and more nuanced than some headlines suggest.
Rising interest rates have already slowed deals and driven valuations lower, the business stated. There will be some CRE loan defaults as refinancing rounds approach. For instance, Veritas Investments, Chetrit Group, Columbia Property Trust, and Brookfield have all missed payments on loans this year. According to M&T Bank, 20% of its office loans are in trouble.
But the details of how these processes might manifest themselves are complicated. For instance, several cite statistics that claim local and regional banks own 70% to 80% of CRE debt. The vulnerability and distribution are more intricate.
However, just 13.8% of the debt on income-producing properties is held by the 135 US regional banks, which are commonly regarded as those with assets between $10 billion and $160 billion, according to Moody’s. The Federal Reserve (Fed), which classifies the top 25 banks as “large,” has 12.1%. 9.6% of the total is held by the 829 community banks (with assets between $1 billion and $10 billion), while the remaining 3.2% is distributed among the 3,726 extremely small neighborhood banks (with assets under $1 billion).
That is to say, the U.S. The CRE debt market is larger and more complex than is typically thought, and major banks as well as a number of non-bank lenders, including mortgage REITs, life insurance companies, and private bridge lenders, may intervene to cover any eventualities.
The distribution of CRE loans among banks was more heterogeneous than was frequently noted, as Marcus & Millichap had recently argued. While acknowledging that some loans would default, John Chang, senior vice president and national director of research and consulting services, said in a business video that most loans wouldn’t.
Yet, there are indications that the stability of banks is continuing. According to Moody’s Analytics, “developments in the Fed’s lending initiatives over the past week have been credit positive and point to likely stabilization.” The total balance sheet of the Fed decreased by $28 billion to $8.76 trillion, and the amount of money the Fed lent to the banking industry fell by $11 billion to $153 billion. The amount of outstanding loans from the Fed’s discount window decreased this week from $110 billion to $88 billion on the asset side of the balance sheet.
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